Anyone can play Boccia!

However, athletes who are interested in attending competitions, need to go through a process called classification, in order to determine if they are eligible.

Through classification, athletes are observed by a group that includes an individual knowledgeable about the technical aspects of boccia and a physiotherapist and/or a doctor. This team ensures athletes are grouped into similar categories to ensure an equitable playing field. Athletes are assessed on their functionality and sporting ability into one of five classifications:


  • Severe impairment affecting all four limbs
  • Limited functional range of motion and coordination
  • May need power wheelchair for mobility
  • Has difficulty changing sitting position in chair
  • Has a hard time gripping and releasing the ball, but can throw consistently with hands or kick with feet
  • BC1 athletes may have an on-court assistant to help place the ball in their hand and position their chair.


  • Severe impairment affecting all four limbs
  • May use a manual or power wheelchair for everyday mobility
  • Lacks stability, but may be able to walk short distances
  • Strong grip and release of ball
  • BC2 athletes are not eligible for an on-court assistant.


  • Very severe impairment in all four limbs
  • May have arm movement but is unable to throw a boccia ball consistently with speed onto the playing area
  • BC3 athletes are able to have an on-court assistant as well as use an assistive device such as a ramp and a pointer.


  • Locomotive dysfunction affecting all four limbs
  • May have poor trunk control and will need assistance to return upright
  • Weak or lack of control of upper and/or lower limbs as well as trunk
  • Poor range of movement
  • Poor grip and release of ball, but has enough strength to throw a ball consistently
  • BC4 athletes are not eligible for an on-court assistant.

BC5 :

  • These are players with less impairment than a BC2 or BC4
  • For conditions of both Cerebral and Non Cerebral origin
  • Cerebral: Quadriplegic, Triplegic, Severe Hemiplegic.
  • Non Cerebral: impairment may result from lack of muscle strength, limitation in range of movement or limb shortening
  • May use either a manual or power wheelchair
  • May be able to walk with assistance or using a walking aid over short distances
  • Has a more active throw as a result of increased trunk control and/or upper limb muscle strength
  • BC5 athletes are not eligible for an on-court assistant.


The Open classification is for athletes who have a disability but do not qualify for the BC1-5 classifications. Open athletes may compete in any competition that offers an open division but are not eligible for competitions outside of United States.


Bisfed Classification Rules 3rd Edition_2017.01

BC – BC4 Classification 2.2017

BC5 and Open Classification_2. 2017