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Interested in Learning More About the Sport of Boccia?

Boccia has been a part of the Paralympics since 1984. Boccia is a throwing sport that tests the athlete’s coordination, accuracy, concentration and ability to strategize. If an athlete cannot throw, there is a division for athlete’s to use adapted ramps to place their game balls into play.  It was first presented as sport for athletes with Cerebral Palsy, but now is open to athletes with quadriplegia of a non-cerebral origin.  It has also become popular as a recreational sport across the country, played by persons of all physical abilities. Recently Boccia has become a favorite among our veteran athletes.




Learn the Sport of Boccia:

Boccia can be played one-on-one, in Pairs or in Teams of three. It is played on a specially marked court indoors on a tile surface or wooden gym floor. The object of the game is to throw or roll leather-like balls so that they land as close as possible to a target ball called the Jack. Opponents take turns serving the Jack attempting to place it to their advantage.


Each side has 6 red balls and 6 blue balls and a Jack ball.  A coin toss determines whether the player uses red or blue balls and rules designate which playing boxes are used for red or blue.

The game begins with the red player throwing the white target ball ( Jack) onto the court. They follow up with their colored ball getting as close to Jack as possible. The opponent then throws trying to get closer. The player or team that is not closest to the Jack must then throw until they put a ball closer to the Jack.  This order of play continues until all balls are thrown. Athletes can knock balls out of the way in order to become closest. They can push their own ball in closer to the Jack.

When all balls have been thrown, a referee determines the points awarded for that end.  The color that is closest to the Jack receives the number of points equal to the number of balls that they have closer to the jack than their opponent’s closest ball. The score accumulates for a number of ends specified in the rules for each division.

The USA Boccia website has coaching tips, a competition calendar and resources for equipment.

Looking for a Way to Get Involved?

USA Boccia is the High Performance Management Organization for the sport of Boccia.  Contact to help you find a club nearest you or help you start one.